Scientific Papers

Over the last 10 years, the Virtopsy team has published over 200 peer-reviewed scientific articles.

Click here for a list of all Scopus listed articles

Click here for a list of all Pubmed listed articles

  1. Postmortem pulmonary CT in hypothermia.Schweitzer W, Thali M, Giugni G, Winklhofer S. Forensic Sci Med Pathol. 2014 Dec;10(4):557-69. doi: 10.1007/s12024-014-9611-2.PMID: 25326676.
  2. Comparative radiologic identification with CT images of paranasal sinuses–Development of a standardized approach. TD Ruder, C Brun, AM Christensen, MJ Thali, D Gascho, W Schweitzer, .Journal of Forensic Radiology and Imaging 7, 1-9 2016
  3. Use of a low-cost three-dimensional gaming controller for forensic reconstruction of CT images. M Teistler, G Ampanozi, W Schweitzer, P Flach, MJ Thali, LC Ebert. Journal of Forensic Radiology and Imaging 7, 10-13. 2016
  4. Forensic 3D Visualization of CT Data Using Cinematic Volume Rendering: a Preliminary Study. LC Ebert, W Schweitzer, D Gascho, TD Ruder, PM Flach, MJ Thali, American Journal of Roentgenology, 1-8 2 2016
  5. Small–but fatal: Postmortem computed tomography indicated acute tonsillitis R Baumeister, S Gauthier, W Schweitzer, MJ Thali, S Mauf Journal of Forensic Radiology and Imaging 6, 52-56 2016
  6. Automatic entry point planning for robotic post-mortem CT-based needle placement LC Ebert, M Fürst, W Ptacek, TD Ruder, D Gascho, W Schweitzer, .Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology 12 (3), 336-342 2016
  7. Very economical immersion pump feasibility for postmortem CT angiography W Schweitzer, PM Flach, M Thali, P Laberke, D Gascho Journal of Forensic Radiology and Imaging 5, 8-14 1 2016
  8. Forensic 3D surface documentation at the Institute of Forensic Medicine in Zurich–Workflow and communication pipeline LC Ebert, P Flach, W Schweitzer, A Leipner, S Kottner, D Gascho, .Journal of Forensic Radiology and Imaging 5, 1-7 2 2016
  9. Virtopsy material testing: Bicycle helmet inspection after an apparently minor fall W Schweitzer, M Thali Journal of Forensic Radiology and Imaging 5, 72-74 2016
  10. No shit–Abdominal calcification based identification of a decomposed body J Jarmer, M Thali, W Schweitzer Journal of Forensic Radiology and Imaging 5, 68-69 2016
  11. Pulmonary thromboembolism on unenhanced postmortem computed tomography: Feasibility and findings G Ampanozi, U Held, TD Ruder, SG Ross, W Schweitzer, J Fornaro, Legal Medicine 20, 68-74 2016 To appear in: Journal of Forensic Radiology and Imaging
  12. Skull fractures in post-mortem CT: VRT, flat and skin surface projections in comparison. W Schweitzer, T Ruder, M Thali, H Ringl Journal of Forensic Radiology and Imaging 3 (4), 214-220 2015
  13. Computed tomography of scalp embedded gravel: Differentiation between falling and kicking W Schweitzer, M Thali Journal of Forensic Radiology and Imaging 3 (4), 200-209 2015
  14. Virtopsy guided medicolegal autopsy technique yielding unparalleled neuropathology of syringobulbomyelia distended by acute hemorrhage into hemangioblastoma after chiropractor treatment W Schweitzer, M Thali Journal of Forensic Radiology and Imaging 3 (3), 191-192 1 2015
  15. Deep into the fibers! Postmortem diffusion tensor imaging in forensic radiology PM Flach, S Schroth, W Schweitzer, G Ampanozi, J Slotboom, C Kiefer, ..The American journal of forensic medicine and pathology 36 (3), 153-161 3 2015
  16. Role of post-mortem computed tomography (PMCT) in the assessment of the challenging diagnosis of pericardial tamponade as cause of death in cases with hemopericardium L Filograna, P Laberke, G Ampanozi, W Schweitzer, MJ Thali, L Bonomo La radiologia medica 120 (8), 723-730 1 2015
  17. Systematic analysis of the radiologic findings of aortic dissections on unenhanced postmortem computed tomography G Ampanozi, PM Flach, J Fornaro, SG Ross, W Schweitzer, MJ Thali, ..Forensic science, medicine, and pathology 11 (2), 162-167 1 2015
  18. Racking the brain: detection of cerebral edema on postmortem computed tomography compared with forensic autopsy N Berger, G Ampanozi, W Schweitzer, SG Ross, D Gascho, TD Ruder, ...European journal of radiology 84 (4), 643-651 4 2015
  19. Shell fragment aspiration seen at post-mortem computed tomography indicating drowning SA Bolliger, S Ross, L Marino, MJ Thali, W Schweitzer Journal of Forensic Radiology and Imaging 3 (1), 87-90 2015
  20. Cat CAT-scan: Postmortem imaging and autopsy of two cats RM Martinez, U Hetzel, MJ Thali, W Schweitzer Journal of Forensic Radiology and Imaging 3 (1), 80-86 2 2015
  21. Porca miseria W Schweitzer, S Franckenberg, S EggertJournal of Forensic Radiology and Imaging 3 (1), 102-103 2015
  22. Computer-assisted virtual autopsy using surgical navigation techniques LC Ebert, TD Ruder, RM Martinez, PM Flach, W Schweitzer, MJ Thali, ...American Journal of Roentgenology 204 (1), W58-W62 1 2015
  23. Postmortem pulmonary CT in hypothermia W Schweitzer, M Thali, G Giugni, S Winklhofer Forensic science, medicine, and pathology 10 (4), 557-569 3 2014
  24. Imaging in forensic radiology: an illustrated guide for postmortem computed tomography technique and protocols PM Flach, D Gascho, W Schweitzer, TD Ruder, N Berger, SG Ross, ...Forensic science, medicine, and pathology 10 (4), 583-60 442014
  25. Lethal lung tear and coronary artery gas embolism in shallow water apnea diving exercise–PMCT, PMMRI, autopsy and histology W Schweitzer, M Marti, R Majcen, P Steinmann, M Thali, J Fornaro, ... Journal of Forensic Radiology and Imaging 2 (4), 199-2042014
  26. Getting a virtual grasp on the virtual grasp: Virtually inside a myoelectric prosthetic arm W Schweitzer Journal of Forensic Radiology and Imaging 2 (4), 217-218 2014
  27. “Blind spots” in forensic autopsy: Improved detection of retrobulbar hemorrhage and orbital lesions by postmortem computed tomography (PMCT) PM Flach, TC Egli, SA Bolliger, N Berger, G Ampanozi, MJ Thali, ... Legal Medicine 16 (5), 274-2822014
  28. Patent foramen ovale as incidental finding in postmortem computed tomography angiography N Berger, PM Flach, SG Ross, W Schweitzer, TD Ruder, D Gascho, ... Journal of Forensic Radiology and Imaging 2 (3), 143-145 2014
  29. Post-mortem whole body computed tomography of opioid (heroin and methadone) fatalities: frequent findings and comparison to autopsy S Winklhofer, E Surer, G Ampanozi, T Ruder, P Stolzmann, M Elliott, ...European radiology 24 (6), 1276-1282 10 2014
  30. Added value of dual-energy computed tomography versus single-energy computed tomography in assessing ferromagnetic properties of ballistic projectiles: implications for magnetic resonance imaging of gunshot victims S Winklhofer, P Stolzmann, A Meier, W Schweitzer, F Morsbach, P Flach, ...Investigative radiology 49 (6), 431-437 8 2014
  31. 2.10. Racking the brain! Cerebral edema on postmortem computed tomography compared to forensic autopsy N Berger, G Ampanozi, W Schweitzer, SG Ross, D Gascho, TD Ruder, ...Journal of Forensic Radiology and Imaging 2 (2), 102 2014
  32. 2.8. Post-mortem CT (PMCT) imaging findings of pericardial tamponade due to hemopericardium
  33. F Filograna, P Laberke, G Ampanozi, W Schweitzer, MJ Thali Journal of Forensic Radiology and Imaging 2 (2), 1012014
  34. Science into practice: post-mortem imaging provides conclusive evidence in a non-suspicious death TD Ruder, P Paula, GM Hatch, G Ampanozi, MJ Thali, W Schweitzer Journal of Forensic Radiology and Imaging 2 (2), 80-84 3 2014
  35. CT‐Guided, Minimally Invasive, Postmortem Needle Biopsy Using the B‐Rob II Needle‐Positioning Robot RM Martinez, W Ptacek, W Schweitzer, G Kronreif, M Fürst, MJ Thali, ...Journal of forensic sciences 59 (2), 517-521 6 2014
  36. Virtopsy approach: structured reporting versus free reporting for PMCT findings W Schweitzer, C Bartsch, TD Ruder, MJ Thali Journal of Forensic Radiology and Imaging 2 (1), 28-33 8 2014
  37. Rib fractures at postmortem computed tomography (PMCT) validated against the autopsy C Schulze, H Hoppe, W Schweitzer, N Schwendener, S Grabherr, .Forensic science international 233 (1), 90-98 25 2013
  38. Feasibility of post mortem cardiac proton density weighted fast field echo imaging in two cases of sudden death HJA Crooijmans, TD Ruder, S Eggert, P Paula, MJ Thali, O Bieri, ... Legal medicine 15 (6), 310-314 2 2013
  39. Plausibility of assisted suicide by ingestion in a case of limb-girdle muscular dystrophy W Schweitzer, MJ Thali, PM Flach Journal of Forensic Radiology and Imaging 1 (4), 207-211 1 2013
  40. Sex determination from the foramen magnum K Edwards, MD Viner, W Schweitzer, MJ Thali Journal of forensic radiology and imaging 1 (4), 186-192 10 2013
  41. Aspects of 3D surface scanner performance for post-mortem skin documentation in forensic medicine using rigid benchmark objects W Schweitzer, E Röhrich, M Schaepman, MJ Thali, L Ebert Journal of Forensic Radiology and Imaging 1 (4), 167-175 12 2013
  42. Assessment of laryngeal tube placement on post mortem computed tomography scans
  43. W Schweitzer, I Spycher, S Winklhofer, MJ Thali, TD Ruder, G Ampanozi, ...Journal of Forensic Radiology and Imaging 1 (3), 119-123 2013
  44. Medicolegal X-Ray and CT of standard size mobile phone cards (SIM card) W Schweitzer, S Winklhofer, MJ Thali, NA Yaakup, SN bin Abdul Rashid Journal of Forensic Radiology and Imaging 1 (3), 129-133 2013
  45. Bodypacking S Markun, PM Flach, W Schweitzer, S Imbach Praxis 102 (15), 891-901 2013
  46. Post-mortem CT-angiography of the brain and craniocervical junction P Flach, G Ampanozi, L Ebert, T Ruder, W Schweitzer, N Berger, M Thali, ... Journal of Forensic Radiology and Imaging 1 (2), 78 2013
  47. Forensic imaging: 3D visualization of scattered CT-dense particles contained in the skin W Schweitzer, M Thali, T Ruder Journal of Forensic Radiology and Imaging 1 (2), 86 2013
  48. Pulmonary fat embolism—a prospective study within the forensic autopsy collective of the Republic of Iceland MX Voisard, W Schweitzer, C Jackowski Journal of forensic sciences 58 (s1) 4 2013
  49. Skin injury model classification based on shape vector analysis E Röhrich, M Thali, W Schweitzer BMC medical imaging 12 (1), 32 3 2012
  50. Coronary thrombus and peracute myocardial infarction visualized by unenhanced postmortem MRI prior to autopsy C Jackowski, K Hofmann, N Schwendener, W Schweitzer, M Keller-Sutter Forensic science international 214 (1), e16-e19 22 2012
  51. Suicides in the canton of Zurich (Switzerland) SD Klein, C Bischoff, W Schweitzer Swiss Med Wkly 140, w13102 12 2010
  52. Interpretation of injury by forensic medicine W Schweitzer, W Baer, M Keller KRIMINALISTIK 63 (1), 48-54 2009
  53. Biometry in forensic medicine W Schweitzer, W Baer, E Roehrich KRIMINALISTIK 63 (1), 42-47 2009
  54. Spectroscopic discrimination of shit from shinola TH Painter, ME Schaepman, W Schweitzer, J Brazile
  55. Annals of Improbable Research 13 (5), 22-23 3 2007
  56. Virtopsy: postmortem imaging of the human heart in situ using MSCT and MRI C Jackowski, W Schweitzer, M Thali, K Yen, E Aghayev, M Sonnenschein, ...Forensic science international 149 (1), 11-23 114 2005
  57. Untersuchungen von Opfern sexueller Gewalt–das Problem der Falschanzeige Wyler, Gerlach, Klopfstein, Schweitzer, Dittmann Therapeutische Umschau 62 (4), 255-259 1 2005
  58. Digital 3D reconstruction of two parahissian accessory bundles in a case of Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome C Steffen, M Schaepman, T Hardmeier, W Schweitzer International journal of legal medicine 118 (2), 101-105 2004
  59. Geometrie von virtuellen Oberflächer: Darstellung der Passgenauigkeit durch Berechnung einer farbkodierten Fehleroberfläche W Schweitzer, ME Schaepman, W Bär Rechtsmedizin 13 (4), 259-259 2003
  60. Evidential value of postmortem MRI in forensic pathology W Schweitzer, ME Schaepman, M Ith, K Bruegger, MJ Thali, T Doernhofer, ...Medical Imaging 2001, 404-408 2 2001
  61. Histological findings after TMR-Conclusions for the underlying principle W Schweitzer Transmyocardial Laser Revascularization 3681, 27 5 1998
  62. Comparison of Maximal Left Ventricular Intramyocardial Artery Lumen Diameter in 2 Aneurysmectomy Specimen after TMR and 44 Control Patients W Schweitzer, S Dangel, M Schaepman, M Wagen, D Maass, S Cordner, ...Laser-Medizin: eine interdisziplinäre Zeitschrift; Praxis, Klinik, Forschung ...
  63. Digital 3D image reconstruction of ventriculocapillary communication as revealed in one case after transmyocardial laser revascularization W Schweitzer, D Maass, M Schaepman, M Wagen, D Ranson, ... Pathology-Research and Practice 194 (2), 65-71 7 1998
  64. Transmyocardial laser revascularization. Postmortal myocardial histomorphology of laser channels in 10 patients 1 to 18 days after treatment with a CO2-laser W Schweitzer, J Schneider, D Maas, T Hardmeier Pathologe 18, 374-84 1 1997
  65. Transmyokardiale Laserrevaskularisation Histopathologische Befunde an Laserkanälen bei 10 postoperativ verstorbenen Patienten 1 bis 18 Tage nach Behandlung mit einem CO2-Laser W Schweitzer, J Schneider, D Maass, T Hardmeier Der Pathologe 18 (5), 374-384 5 1997
  66. Digital handwriting recognition in data collection for autopsy reports with an Apple Newton W
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Books

The textbook The Virtopsy Approach (CRC Press, Boca Raton, USA, 1st ed. 2009) which was edited by Michael Thali, Richard Dirnhofer and Peter Vock provides in-depth information on forensic imaging.Click here to order the book online through Amazon.com
Gil Brogdon”s standard textbook Brogdon’s Forensic Radiology (CRC Press, Boca Raton, USA, 2nd ed. 2010) which was edited by Gil Brodon, Michael Thali and Mark Viner provides an excellent overview of forensic radiology and features several chapters on Virtopsy.Click here to order the book online through Amazon.com

 

Media

There are numerous articles in the popular press on Virtopsy and forensic imaging.A selection of articles is provided here: